Addressing ‘unknown Provider’ Error In Angularjs

Addressing ‘Unknown Provider’ Error in AngularJS


The “Unknown provider” error in AngularJS occurs when the application attempts to inject a dependency that has not been registered in the application’s module. This error typically arises in the following scenarios:


  • A dependency is declared in the controller, service, or directive, but is not included in the module’s dependencies array.
  • The dependency is not declared as a moduledependency or as a provider inside the module.
  • The dependency is misspelled or has a capitalization issue.

To resolve this error, the following steps should be taken:


  1. Verify the Module’s Dependencies:

    • Ensure that the dependency is listed in the module’s dependencies array.
    • Check the spelling and capitalization of the dependency name.
  2. Check the Module’s Providers:

    • If the dependency is not a built-in AngularJS service, verify that it has been registered as a provider.
    • The provider registration should be defined inside the module’s config function using the provider() method.
  3. Review the Dependency Injection Syntax:

    • Ensure that the dependency is being correctly injected into the controller, service, or directive.
    • The dependency name should be surrounded by square brackets when injected.
  4. Use Dependency Injection Tooling:

    • Consider using dependency injection tooling, such as ng-annotate, to automatically identify and inject missing dependencies.


angular.module('myApp', [
  // Include the missing dependency here

.controller('MyController', function($scope, missingDependency) {
  // Use the dependency here

By following these steps, developers can effectively address the “Unknown provider” error in AngularJS and ensure that the application is properly configured and functioning as expected.## Addressing ‘unknown Provider’ Error In AngularJS

AngularJS is a powerful JavaScript framework that has become increasingly popular for developing single-page applications (SPAs). However, as with any complex framework, developers may encounter errors during the development process. One common error is the “unknown Provider” error. This error message indicates that the AngularJS application is unable to find a registered provider for a particular service or component.

Executive Summary

This guide provides a detailed overview of the causes and potential resolutions for the “unknown Provider” error in AngularJS. The subtopics covered include:

  • Understanding the Dependency Injection System
  • Configuring and Registering Providers
  • Resolving Circular Dependencies
  • Shared and Transient Providers
  • Debugging Tips

By following the best practices outlined in this guide, developers can effectively troubleshoot and resolve the “unknown Provider” error, ensuring their AngularJS applications function smoothly and without interruption.

Understanding the Dependency Injection System

AngularJS uses a dependency injection system to resolve application dependencies. The framework dynamically injects dependencies into components, such as controllers, services, and directives, based on annotations or configuration. When AngularJS attempts to resolve a dependency, it searches for a registered provider that can fulfill that dependency.

Configuring and Registering Providers

To resolve the “unknown Provider” error, it is essential to ensure that the required provider is configured and registered with the AngularJS application. There are two ways to register providers:

  • Module Registration: Providers can be registered directly within the module declaration by using the .provider() method.
    • angular.module('app').provider('myProvider', function() {});
  • Config Block: Providers can also be registered within the configuration block of a module by using the .config() method.
    • angular.module('app').config(function($provide) { $provide.provider('myProvider', function() {}); });

Resolving Circular Dependencies

Circular dependencies occur when two or more providers depend on each other, creating a loop that prevents the dependency injection system from resolving the dependencies. To address this issue, AngularJS provides the $injector.invoke() function, which allows developers to manually resolve and inject dependencies without creating a circular dependency.

Shared and Transient Providers

AngularJS offers two types of provider scopes:

  • Shared Providers: These providers create a single instance of the service that is shared across the entire application.
    • $provide.provider('mySharedProvider', { ... })
  • Transient Providers: These providers create a new instance of the service each time it is injected.
    • $provide.provider('myTransientProvider', { ... })

Debugging Tips

When troubleshooting the “unknown Provider” error, developers can utilize the following techniques:

  • Check AngularJS Version: Ensure that you are using the correct version of AngularJS and its dependencies.
  • Verify Module Registration: Confirm that the module containing the dependency has been registered and loaded properly.
  • Review TypeScript/JavaScript Code: Inspect the TypeScript or JavaScript code to ensure that the provider is properly configured and registered.
  • Use AngularJS Batarang Tool: Utilize the AngularJS Batarang browser extension to visualize the dependency graph and identify any missing or misconfigured providers.


Resolving the “unknown Provider” error in AngularJS requires a comprehensive understanding of the dependency injection system and the configuration and registration of providers. By following the best practices outlined in this guide, developers can effectively troubleshoot and resolve this issue, ensuring the seamless operation of their AngularJS applications.

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